Short Description of the Eid Prayer and the Eid Khutbah

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Short Description of the Eid Prayer and the Eid Khutbah

Post by Noor'e Sahar on Sun Jul 18, 2010 9:02 pm

From Islamic Newsletter 'As-Sunnah' Issue no: 10

Compiled by Sister Shawana A. Aziz

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Let the free
women, the virgins, and the menstruating women attend the Eid prayer,
and witness the good and the supplications of the believers. As for the
menstruating women, they should stay away from the Musallah (i.e..
should not participate in the prayer itself).” [Saheeh al-Bukharee and
Saheeh Muslim]

short description of the Eid Prayer

1 - The Eid Salaah consists of two Raka'ahs. Umar (radhi allahu anhu)
said: “The traveler’s prayer is two raka'ah; the Adha prayer is two
Raka'ah; and the Jumuah prayer is two Rak'ah; this is their full length
as came from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam).”
[(saheeh) Musnad Ahmad, Nisa'ee, Baihaqee and others]

2 - The Eid Salaah is not preceded by the adhan (the call to announce
the prayer time) or Iqamah (the call to start prayer). Jabir bin Samurah
(radhi allahu anhu) said: “I prayed the Eid prayer with Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), on more than one occasion,
without adhan or Iqamah.” [Saheeh Muslim]

3 - No Sunnah prayer may precede or follow the Eid prayer, except if it
is performed in a Masjid instead of a Musallah, in which case one must
pray two raka'hs before sitting down. Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anhu)
reported: “The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) went out (of his
house) on the day of Fitr, prayed two raka'hs and did not pray before or
after it.” [Zaad al-Maad (2/443)]

4 - Like any other deed in Islam, the prayer must be preceded with a
true intention of worshiping Allah alone in the heart.

5 - The first raka'h (one prayer unit) is initiated with Takbeer
al-ihram, followed by the opening supplication.

6 - Then followed by seven Takbeers in the first raka'h and five more in
the second rak'ah. Aa'ishah (radhi allahu anha) said: “Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) would say Takbeer in both Fitr
and Adha: seven in the first and five in the second, other than the two
Takbeers of Ruku (bowing).” [(Saheeh) - Abu Dawood (1150) and others]

7 - After the Takbeer one should recite Ta'awwuth - 'A'uthu billahi min
ash-Shaytaan ir-Rajeem' meaning “I seek refuge in Allah from the outcast
devil” and Basmallah 'Bismillah ar-Rahmaan ar-Raheem' meaning 'In the
Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.'

8 - Followed by the recitation of Soorah al-Fatihah

9 - Then, the recitation of Soorah al-Qaaf in the first raka'h and the
Soorah al-Qamar in the second - OR - Soorah al-Alaa in the first and
Soorah al-Ghashiyah in the second. Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimahullah) said:
“Both of these have been authentically reported from the action of the
Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), nothing else is authentic.” [Zaad
al-Maad (1/443)] Note: Reciting a Soorah different from the ones
mentioned above will too complete the prayer. The remainder of the
prayer is performed in the same manner as any other prayer, without any

Eid Khutbah:

The Sunnah of the Eid Khutbah is that it should be delivered after the
Eid Salaah. Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anhu) said: “I attended the Eid with
Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), Abu Bakr (radhi allahu
anhu) Umar (radhi allahu anhu) and Uthman (radhi allahu anahu); all of
them would pray before the Khutbah.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee]

Listening to the Eid Khutbah is not wajib , Abdullah bin as-Sa'ib (radhi
allahu anhu) reported that he attended the Eid prayer with the Prophet
(sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam); and when he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)
finished the prayer, he said: “We shall have a Khutbah; so let whoever
wishes to sit for the Khutbah do so, and whoever wishes to leave, may
leave.” [(saheeh) Abu Dawood)]

If the Eid falls on a Friday, it becomes optional for men to attend the
Jumu'ah prayer. Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported that on such
occurrence, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:
“Two Eids have coincided on this day of yours; thus whoever wishes, is
exempted from attending the Jumu'ah prayer. Yet, we shall hold it.”
[Authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Irwa ul-Ghalil]

It should be noted that if one does not attend the Jumu’ah prayer, then
it becomes obligatory on him to offer the Dhuhr prayer.

E id celebrations are religious occasions, but the joy that occurs on
the Eid, has made many people forget or become negligent of the Deen and
Islamic regulations. Whilst enjoying and celebrating this great day of
Eid one should avoid celebrating the Eid in a way similar to the Kuffar,
who overstep Allah's boundaries when they rejoice. They indulge in
various acts of disobedience, such as mingling of men and women, wearing
improper clothes, dancing, listening to music, drinking alcohol etc.
Also, Muslims must avoid performing unjustified practices and Bid'ahs,
like spending the night preceding the Eid in extended worship, visiting
the graves etc. Finally, We ask Allah to give us the correct
understanding of His Deen and make all our worships sincerely for His
Face. Ameen!

Noor'e Sahar

Female Cancer Number of posts : 2362
Age : 107
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Registration date : 2009-08-08

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