The Rulings Pertaining to Making Up the Fast

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The Rulings Pertaining to Making Up the Fast

Post by Noor'e Sahar on Sat Aug 07, 2010 2:12 am

Whoever breaks his fast or is unable to fast during Ramadhaan due to
an Islaamically permissible reason, then he is required to make up for
this day; such as the one whose fast is nullified due to having had
sexual intercourse or other than that. In that case, he is required to
make up the fast for this day, as Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta'aala) says:

{…the same number (should be made up) from other days}, [Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 184]
It is recommended that he hasten to make up that which he has missed
during Ramadhaan so as to relieve himself of the responsibility.
Likewise, it is recommended that he makes up for that which he missed by
fasting consecutively because doing so is like having fasted as such
(during Ramadhaan).

However, if he does not immediately make up for that which he has
missed, it is then permissible for him to delay it. This is because the
available time-span (to make up the missed fasts) is open (until before
the arrival of the following Ramadhaan).

Regarding all such obligations within which the time-span to perform
that which is obligatory on a person is open, then it is permissible to
delay it's performance so long as there exists a firm intention to carry
it out. It is also permissible to make up the days intermittently.
However, if there is not enough time remaining during the month of
Sha'baan preceding the following Ramadhaan, it becomes obligatory to
make up the days consecutively, noting that it is not permissible to
delay it until the arrival of the following Ramadhaan without an
Islaamically acceptable reason.

It is narrated on the authority of 'Aa.ishah, that she said:
((I used to have days to make up from Ramadhaan and it used to be that I was unable to make them up until Sha'baan)). It's authenticity is agreed upon by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.
So this hadeeth indicates that the time period within which it is
permissible to make up the days missed during Ramadhaan is open (until
before the arrival of the following Ramadhaan). If he was to delay in
making up the fasts until the arrival of the following Ramadhaan, then
he is required to fast the current fast of Ramadhaan and then make up
for the missed fasts of the previous year afterwards. This is in
addition to feeding a poor person half a saa' of the food of the land
for every day (remaining to be made up). And if the cause of his
delaying making up the fasts until the arrival of the following
Ramadhaan is Islaamically acceptable, then he is simply required to make
up the missed days from the previous Ramadhaan.

If he was to die before the arrival of the following Ramdhaan whilst
still having fasts to make up from the previous Ramadhaan, then there is
nothing required of him since he died within the permissible time limit
within which to make up the missed fasts.

Likewise, if he was to die after the arrival of the following
Ramadhaan and the reason for the delay is Islaamically acceptable, such
as illness and travel, then there is nothing required of him (from the
estate (wealth) he leaves behind).

However, if the reason for the delay was Islaamically unacceptable,
then it is obligatory to pay a penalty from the estate (wealth) he has
left behind, sufficient to feed a poor person for every fast remaining
to be made up.

Additionally, if he died whilst having any fasts remaining to be made
up, such as the fast of ransom or an obligatory fast arising out of any
short-coming from the performance of the Hajj, then he is required to
feed a poor person for every fast remaining to be made up. This is done
from the estate (wealth) he has left behind, noting that no-one is
required to make up the fasts on his behalf. The reason for this is that
this type of fast does not permit someone else to fast on his behalf
whilst he is alive, and likewise is the case upon his death. And this is
the opinion of the people of knowledge.

And whoever dies whilst he has any fasts to make up due to an oath or
vow he has taken, then it is recommended for the one in charge of his
affairs after his death to fast on his behalf as is confirmed in both
al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. A woman came to the Prophet (sal-Allaahu
`alayhe wa sallam) and said: "My mother has died whilst having fasts to
make up due to a vow she made. Should I fast on her behalf?" He said:
((Yes)). With reference to the one in charge of his affairs after his
death, then this implies the inheritor.

Shaykh Ibn Fowzaan
al-Mulakhkhas al-Fiqhee - Volume 1, Pages 271-272

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Re: The Rulings Pertaining to Making Up the Fast

Post by Masooma on Sun Aug 08, 2010 3:28 am

Informative thread
JazakALLAH kHAir !!!
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